How to Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

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How to Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

How to Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) 1

Understanding Automated External Defibrillators

An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a life-saving device used to restore normal heart rhythm to individuals experiencing sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). SCA occurs when the heart’s electrical system malfunctions, causing the heart to stop beating. Without immediate intervention, SCA can be fatal within minutes. AEDs are designed to be easy to use, providing step-by-step instructions and delivering an electric shock to the heart to restore its normal rhythm.

Step 1: Assess the Situation

Before using an AED, it’s important to assess the situation to ensure your safety and the safety of others. Look for any potential hazards or dangers, such as water, fire, or unstable surfaces. If the area is unsafe, move to a safe location before starting the rescue process.

Step 2: Call Emergency Services

While an AED is a crucial tool in the chain of survival for SCA, it should not replace the need to call emergency services. Dial the emergency hotline or ask someone nearby to make the call, providing them with accurate and detailed information about the situation. Stay on the line with the operator, as they can provide guidance and support throughout the process.

Step 3: Turn on the AED

To start using the AED, turn it on by pressing the power button. Most AEDs have clear and audible instructions that will guide you through the process. Follow the voice prompts or visual cues to ensure proper usage.

Step 4: Attach the AED pads

Open the AED pads’ packaging and peel off the protective backing. Attach the pads to the patient’s bare chest as indicated by the diagrams or instructions on the pads. One pad should be placed on the upper right chest, just below the collarbone, and the other pad on the left side of the chest, slightly below the nipple line. Ensure that the pads have good contact with the skin and do not touch each other.

How to Use an Automated External Defibrillator (AED) 2

Step 5: Stand Clear and Analyze the Heart’s Rhythm

After attaching the AED pads, step back and ensure that no one is touching the individual. The AED will analyze the heart’s rhythm to determine whether a shock is necessary. It’s important to remain calm and let the AED complete this process. Avoid touching the patient while the analysis is ongoing.

Step 6: Delivering the Shock (If Required)

If the AED determines that a shock is needed, it will prompt you to press the shock button. Ensure that no one is touching the patient, as the shock can be harmful to others. Press the shock button firmly, and the AED will deliver the electric shock to restore the heart’s normal rhythm. Always follow the directions provided by the AED and do not interrupt or delay the shock sequence.

Step 7: Perform CPR

Immediately after delivering the shock, the AED will prompt you to perform CPR. If you are not trained in CPR, the AED will continue to provide guidance on the correct compression rate and depth. Perform CPR until emergency medical services arrive or the patient shows signs of movement or normal breathing.

Step 8: Follow Up with Medical Professionals

Even if the AED successfully restores the heart’s normal rhythm, it is essential to seek further medical attention. SCA can cause severe damage to the body, and medical professionals will be able to provide proper evaluation and treatment.

Remember, using an AED is a critical intervention during SCA, but it is not a replacement for comprehensive medical care. To ensure the best possible outcome, it is essential to activate emergency medical services, perform CPR, and follow up with medical professionals.

By having a basic understanding of how to use an AED and being prepared to take action, you can potentially save a life in a cardiac emergency. Uncover new perspectives on the subject with this specially selected external resource to add value to your reading. HLR utbildning Stockholm!

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